راهکار‌های پایدار صرفه‌جویی انرژی در سیستم‌های گلخانه‌ با استفاده از فناوری‌های انرژی‌های‌ تجدیدپذیر

نوع مقاله : علمی-ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی مکانیک بیوسیستم، گروه مهندسی فنی کشاورزی، پردیس ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی فنی کشاورزی، پردیس ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در این مطالعه، بررسی جامعی بر راهکار‌های پایدار صرفه‌جویی انرژی با استفاده از فناوری‌های انرژی تجدیدپذیر در گلخانه‌ها ارائه شده است. به منظور کاهش مصرف انرژی در گلخانه‌ها، پس از ارزیابی و شناخت کلی و دقیق از سامانه‌های موجود‌ در گلخانه‌‌ها، مسائلی مانند مصرف انرژی کل، فناوری‌هایی با هزینه مناسب و با بازده انرژی بالا و همچنین سازگار با محیط زیست، به طور دقیق مورد بررسی و مطالعه قرار گرفته‌اند. فناوری‌های مورد نظر در چارچوپ اهداف این تحقیق به طور کلی راهکارهای مبتنی بر فناوری‌های تجدیدپذیر و پایدار مانند ماژول‌های فتوولتائیک (PV)، جمع کننده‌های حرارتی خورشیدی، سامانه‌ها و جمع کننده‌های ترکیبی PV/T، تکنیک‌های مواد تغییر فاز دهنده (PCMs) و ذخیره‌سازی انرژی حرارتی زیرزمینی و پمپ‌های حرارتی با بازده انرژی بالا هستند. یافته‌های حاصل از این تحقیق نشان می‌دهند که تا 80 درصد صرفه‌جویی در انرژی را می‌توان با بکارگیری فناوری‌های انرژی تجدیدپذیر حاصل نمود. مجله انرژی های تجدید پذیر و نو

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