مروری بر پیشرفت ها و چالش های مواد تغییر فازدهنده

نوع مقاله: علمی-ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگاه پلیمر و پتروشیمی ایران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

داشتن یک سامانه تولید انرژی قابل اعتماد، کم هزینه و همیشه در دسترس، استفاده از سامانه های ذخیره کننده انرژی را به عنوان کاندید مهمی معرفی نموده است. روش های مختلفی برای ذخیره کردن انرژی های تجدیدپذیر وجود دارد که از میان آنها ذخیره انرژی گرمایی نهان به دلیل قابلیت ایجاد چگالی بالای ذخیره انرژی در دمای ثابت (دمای تغییر فاز ماده) از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار است. به ترکیبات آلی یا معدنی که قابلیت جذب و ذخیره مقادیر زیادی از انرژی گرمایی را درون خود دارند، مواد تغییر فاز دهنده گفته می‌شود. با توجه به کارایی و قابلیت بالای مواد تغییر فاز دهنده در سامانه های ذخیره کننده انرژی، استفاده از این مواد در سال های اخیر مورد توجه بسیاری از کشورهای پیشرفته جهان قرار گرفته است. هدف از ارائه این مقاله بررسی انواع مواد تغییر فاز دهنده و سامانه‌های به کارگیری و کارهای انجام شده بر این مواد می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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