تأمین بار حرارتی و برودتی مورد نیاز ساختمان‌ها با استفاده از انرژی ذخیره شده در پوسته زمین با کمک سامانه کانال‌های زیرزمینی هوا

نوع مقاله: علمی-ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، رشته مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه صنعتی شیراز

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، رشته مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه صنعتی شیراز * شیراز، صندوق پستی 313-71555 ، omidvar@sutech.ac.ir

چکیده

در این مقاله ابتدا ویژگی‌های  مبدل­های حرارتی هوا – زمین شامل روش­های استفاده از این سامانه، نحوه چیدمان کانال­ها و همچنین مهمترین معایب و مزایای استفاده از این سامانه به طور کامل بررسی شده است. سپس سامانه­های غیرفعال که قابلیت ترکیب شدن با کانال­های زیرزمینی را دارند مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در انتها نیز مهمترین تحقیقات صورت گرفته در چند دهه اخیر بر روی این سامانه،  به منظور دستیابی به نقاط قوت و ضعف تحقیقات گذشته و همچنین ارائه ایده­های نوین و مشخص کردن خط مشی تحقیقات آینده صورت گرفته است. بررسی نتایج این تحقیقات نشان می­دهد، از این سامانه می­توان علاوه بر کاربرد سرمایشی در تابستان، به عنوان سیستم پیش­گرمایشی در زمستان نیز استفاده نمود. هرچند که در مجموع، سامانه در کاربرد سرمایشی از کارایی مناسب­تری برخوردار است. نتایج این مطالعه نشان می­دهد که در صورت به­کارگیری این سامانه در سیستم­های ترکیبی، کارایی کلی سیستم  به شدت افزایش خواهد یافت.

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