مروری بر مطالعات تجربی انجام شده بر روی آب شیرین کن های خورشیدی فعال و غیر فعال در ایران و جهان

نوع مقاله : علمی-ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی / دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

2 کارشناسی ارشد، مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب

چکیده

دستگاه‌های آب‌شیرین‌کن خورشیدی تبخیری به دلیل هزینه‌ی ساخت بسیار پایین و نداشتن مکانیزم‌های پیچیده و همچنین نیاز کمتر به سرویس و نگهداری امروزه مورد استقبال بسیاری از محققین قرار‌ گرفته‌اند. تحقیقات بسیار وسیعی اعم از مدل‌سازی، بهینه‌سازی، ترکیب مکانیزم‌ها، آنالیز اقتصادی و همچنین بومی‌سازی انواع مدل‌های فعال و غیرفعال این دستگاه‌ها تا به امروز انجام شده است. نتایج حاصل از این تحقیقات به همراه پتانسیل بالای این دستگاه‌ها جهت پیاده‌سازی ایده‌های جدید بر روی آن‌ها منجر به ساخت و آزمایش طیف گسترده‌ای از انواع مدل‌های مختلف شده است. قسمت عمده‌ی این تحقیقات در کشورهای آسیایی و آفریقایی که دارای آب و هوای گرم و خشک می‌باشند انجام شده و همواره تاکید بر مناسب بودن این دستگاه‌ها جهت استفاده در مناطق دور‌افتاده بوده است. در حال حاضر تحقیقات بر روی این دستگاه‌ها در بیشتر نقاط جهان و به میزان زیادی ادامه دارد. در تحقیق حاضر به مرور تحقیقات انجام‌شده تجربی بر روی این دستگاه‌ها پرداخته است. این بررسی نشان می‌دهد که همواره تمرکز بر به‌کارگیری روش‌های جدید و مقرون به صرفه، جهت افزایش میزان خروجی و راندمان حرارتی دستگاه‌ها می‌باشد که در دستگاه‌های نوع فعال و غیر فعال نتایج آن متفاوت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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